Data Dictionary Files
Before a table can be loaded into the database, a data dictionary (DD) must be created telling the database how to handle each column. The user may create a data dictionary themselves (either manually or using the "ddgen" program - tutorial here), or they can simply provide IRSA with enough information to create a proper DD for them.
|cntr||Ordinal number of the column||1, 2, 3, etc|
|name||Name of the column as it will appear in the database, usually the same as the original name.||(usually the same as originalname)|
|originalname||The original name of the column extracted from the input table.||ra, fname|
|description||Description of the column (character string)||"Degrees from the moon"|
|units||Physical units of the column values. Leave blank if not relevant.||arcsec, hours, deg, Jansky|
|intype||Data type of the columns in the input ASCII file. Possible types include int, double, float, char, decimal, and date.||int, double, char, date|
|format||The format of data output from the database is by default identical to the format in which they are stored in the database. This field allows the format to be explicitly specified (uses C language data formatting standard). Users should always provide a format for every column in the catalog.||19s
|dbtype||The specific data type as stored in the database (i.e., integer, float, etc). float(63) defines a 32 bit floating point number, float(126) is double precision floating point, number(10) is an integer, number(19) is a long integer. For character data types, use varchar2(N) where N is the length of that field.||float(126)
|nulls||Boolean value that specifies whether nulls are allowed in this column||y or n (default is 'y')|
|indx||Indicates whether a column will be indexed in the database to improve query speed. The value of this parameter can be "n" or "y". Data providers should not modify this field; it will be updated by IRSA if that column is indexed.||y or n (n is default)|
|tablFlg||This parameter determines when the column appears in the query form. It may appear only in the short form ("0"), long form ("1"), or always appear ("2"). Tables that have many columns (e.g., the 2MASS XSC), are often more convenient to the user if they are separated into short (the most important or useful columns) and long (everything) forms.||0, 1, or 2 (default is 2)|
The groupid is, by default, the value of the column index
counter cntr. If you want to "attach" certain columns to other
columns, use the groupid index to attach the column to a
specific index value. Note, groupid must have a value
equal to that of a cntr value. Linked columns must be
EXAMPLE: Suppose you have a column named "j_m" that corresponds to the J-band magnitude, with an index value equal to 10 and group ID equal to 10. Now suppose there is an associated error uncertainty, "j_msig" that has an index value equal to 11 and group ID equal to 11. To group these two columns together, set the group ID of j_msig to 10, thereby attaching this column to the column with index cntr equal to 10. This way, "j_msig" is always written to the output table along with "j_m". You could not link uncertainties to magnitudes in this way if the catalog had the order "j_m", "k_m", "j_msig", "k_msig", however, since the linked column must immediately follow the column it is linked to.
|1, 2, etc (default is this column's cntr)|
|sel||This boolean determines the selection status of the column. Three values are possible: "y" (yes), "n" (no), or "h" (hidden). If yes, the column is automatically selected (that is, by default the column will appear in the output table). If no, the column will not appear in the output table. If hidden, the column will not appear in the query page (i.e., it is hidden from the user). sel is set by the data provider.||y, n, h|
|irsadef||Normally equal to sel. May be set differently by IRSA.||y, n, h|
|fixlen||"T" refers to a fixed-length IPAC tables. "F" is non-fixed, and consequently is read sequentially.|
|alias||To "Alias" or associate a column with a character string. This parameter is usually set to "none"|
|primary||Primary key column. If "none", the default is "cntr"|
|spt_ind||The column name containing the spatial index|
|longitude, latitude||The column names containing ra and dec|
|x, y, z||Column names of the x, y, z spatial coordinates|
2MASS_LGA_IRSA.24808.dd corresponds to this input table from the 2MASS Large Galaxy Atlas: 2MASS_LGA_IRSA.tbl.
See the Tutorial for more information on how to generate a DD file.