Spitzer Documentation & Tools
Spitzer Telescope Handbook

 

3.8            Optical Design

The telescope is a Ritchey-Chrétien design, known from on-orbit measurements to be diffraction-limited at 5.5 microns over the IRAC field of view, and expected to be diffraction-limited at 6.5 microns over the entire field of view.  The 85-cm diameter primary mirror and the rest of the telescope structure are fabricated entirely of beryllium, utilizing advances in optical design, testing, and fabrication to produce a lightweight telescope that operates at cryogenic temperatures.  The optical design parameters for the telescope are summarized in Table 3.3 below.  The telescope configuration is shown in Figure 3.11.

Table 3.3. Telescope Configuration.

Optimal Parameter Description Value at 5.5 K
System Parameters:
Focal Length
Focal Ratio
Back focal length (PM vertex to focus)
Field of View (diameter)
Field curvature radius
Wavelength coverage
 
10,200 mm
f/12
437 mm
32.0 arcmin
140.5 mm
3 µm–180 µm 
Aperture Stop:
Location
Diameter of OD obscuration
Diameter of ID obscuration
Linear obscuration ratio
 
Edge of primary mirror
850.00 mm
320.00 mm
0.3765
Primary Mirror (hyperbola)
Radius (concave)
Conic constant
Clear aperture
Focal ratio
 
-2040.00 mm
-1.003546
850.00 mm
f/1.2
Secondary Mirror (hyperbola)
Radius (convex)
Conic constant
Clear aperture (OD)
 
-294.343
-1.531149
120.00 mm
PM to SM spacing (vertex to vertex) 887.528 mm

 

 

Figure 3.11: Spitzer Telescope Assembly.

 

The telescope employs a single arch primary mirror, which reduces mass.  The primary mirror is supported on three bipod flexures relatively close to its axis.  The spider blades, primary mirror baffle, and secondary mirror baffle are integrated into a one-piece, relatively small diameter metering tower extending through the central hole in the primary mirror.


IPAC Caltech
Jet Propulsion Lab NASA